Which Factors Affect Your Nutritional Requirements?

What vitamins and minerals does a horse need?

Equines require several minerals to meet a variety of functional needs, including skeletal integrity and cellular communication.

The macro minerals (those needed in relatively high amounts) include calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium, and sulfur..

What are the factors that affect the nutrient requirements of animals?

Weight, age, breed, physiological status, activity, and environmental conditions are the primary variables impacting maintenance requirements. The larger the animal, the greater its maintenance requirement, especially energy and protein.

What are four factors that will affect the nutritional requirements of the horse?

Physical Factors That Influence a Horse’s Nutrition RequirementsBreed. … Body Type and Weight. … Age. … Pregnant and Nursing Mares. … Breeding Stallions. … Performance and Training Horses. … Register Now to Access Your Free Download:

What are the 3 factors that affect a diet plan?

The Factors That Influence Our Food ChoicesBiological determinants such as hunger, appetite, and taste.Economic determinants such as cost, income, availability.Physical determinants such as access, education, skills (e.g. cooking) and time.Social determinants such as culture, family, peers and meal patterns.More items…•

What are nutritional requirements?

The requirement for an essential nutrient is the amounts or concentration that is needed to maintain health or prevent disease.

What are the nutritional requirements for microorganisms?

Each and every organism requires carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and electrons for their growth and development. Organic molecules are essential for microorganisms and a major constituent of these organic molecules is carbon. Hydrogen and oxygen are also found in the organic molecules.

How can you promote good nutrition and hydration?

Try to encourage good nutrition and hydration, and make mealtimes enjoyable for the person you care for.High-protein foods. … Drinking enough fluids. … Plan your meals. … Specific nutritional needs. … Eating and drinking aids. … Help for swallowing difficulties. … ‘Meals on wheels’

What factors affect energy requirements?

However, daily energy requirements vary widely from one individual to the next. This is due to factors such as sex, body size, bodyweight, climate and physical activity levels. Energy is obtained, from the food and drink we consume, by oxidation of carbohydrate, fat, protein and alcohol, known as macronutrients.

What is the average daily nutritional requirements?

Daily Intake LevelsNutrientQuantity Per DayEnergy8,700 kilojoulesProtein50 gramsFat70 gramsSaturated Fatty Acids24 grams4 more rows

Why do nutritional requirements change with age?

Aging is linked to changes that can make you prone to deficiencies in calcium, vitamin D, vitamin B12, iron, magnesium and several other important nutrients. It may also reduce your ability to recognize sensations like hunger and thirst. Luckily, you can take actions to prevent these deficiencies.

What influences our energy requirements?

Here are ten factors that affect BMR and metabolism:Here are ten factors that affect BMR and metabolism:Muscle mass. The amount of muscle tissue on your body. … Age. As you get older, your metabolic rate generally slows. … Body size. … Gender. … Genetics. … Physical activity. … Hormonal factors.More items…•

What does it mean if you are deficient in a nutrient?

A nutritional deficiency occurs when the body doesn’t absorb or get from food the necessary amount of a nutrient. Deficiencies can lead to a variety of health problems. These can include digestion problems, skin disorders, stunted or defective bone growth, and even dementia.

What is the most important nutrient for horses?

waterHorses require six main classes of nutrients to survive; they include water, fats, carbohydrates, protein, vitamins,and minerals. Water is the MOST IMPORTANT nutrient; horses can’t live long without it!

What factors do energy and nutrient requirements depend on?

Energy requirements are related to age, gender, body size and level of activity. Energy requirements tend to increase up to the age of 15-18 years. On average, boys have slightly higher requirements than girls and this persists throughout adulthood.

What are the signs of poor nutrition and hydration?

Dry lips and dry scaly skin can indicate poor hydration and nutrient deficiency. Swollen, bleeding gums or a sore red swollen tongue (glossitis) can indicate vitamin C and or Vitamin B deficiency or gum disease. Pale skin, breathlessness on exertion, fatigue and dizziness can indicate iron deficiency.

What factors can affect nutrition and hydration?

Factors affecting optimal nutrition and hydration of people living in SDCUs include individual factors relating to appetite, food appeal, and cognitive and functional abilities, as well as the environmental factors of dining room surroundings, the social environment of mealtimes and support from caregivers.

What are the signs of poor nutrition?

It can be a good idea to know the signs of poor so you can talk with your doctor if you notice any of them.Feeling Tired. … Brittle, Dry Hair. … Ridged or Spoon-Shaped Nails. … Dental Problems. … Change in Bowel Habits. … Mood and Mental Health Issues. … Easy Bruising and Slow Healing. … Slow Immune Response.

What are 5 nutritional requirements for horses?

Basic Nutrients. When feeding horses, it is important to recognize that there are six basic nutrient categories that must be met: carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals and water. Often, feed companies will balance the first five nutrients for us; however, it is critical not to forget about water.