Summary Summary: Atomic Structure.
Atoms consist of protons and neutrons in the nucleus, surrounded by electrons that reside in orbitals.
Orbitals are classified according to the four quantum numbers that represent any one particular orbital’s energy, shape, orientation, and the spin of the occupying electron.
What is the atom?
An atom a fundamental piece of matter. An atom itself is made up of three tiny kinds of particles called subatomic particles: protons, neutrons, and electrons. The protons and the neutrons make up the center of the atom called the nucleus and the electrons fly around above the nucleus in a small cloud.
What is an atom simple definition?
The definition of an atom is the smallest component of an element, characterized by a sharing of the chemical properties of the element and a nucleus with neutrons, protons and electrons.
How does an atom work?
Most atoms have three different subatomic particles inside them: protons, neutrons, and electrons. The protons and neutrons are packed together into the center of the atom (which is called the nucleus) and the electrons, which are very much smaller, whizz around the outside. Most of an atom is empty space.
How do you make an atom?
To make a carbon atom, make 6 protons, 6 neutrons, and 6 electrons. Bundle the protons and neutrons together to make the nucleus and put the electrons outside the atom.